Global Slavery Index 2016

  • According to the 2016 Global Slavery Index released by Australia-based human rights group Walk Free Foundation, an estimated 45.8 million people are subject to some form of modern slavery in the world, compared to 35.8 million in 2014
  • The Index presents a ranking of 167 countries based on the proportion of the population that is estimated to be in modern slavery
  • The countries with the highest estimated prevalence of modern slavery by the proportion of their population are North Korea, Uzbekistan, Cambodia, Cambodia, India, & Qatar
  • India topped the list of countries with the highest absolute number of people enslaved, estimated at about 18 million modern slaves. In the last report in 2014, India had nearly 14.3 million people enslaved
  • Asian countries occupy the top 5 for people trapped in slavery. Behind India was China (3.39m), Pakistan (2.13m), Bangladesh (1.53m) & Uzbekistan (1.23m)
  • Modern slavery refers to situations of exploitation that a person cannot leave coz of threats, violence, coercion, abuse of power or deception
  • But India has made significant progress in introducing measures to tackle the problem o It has criminalised trafficking, slavery, forced labour, child prostitution & forced marriage o The govt is currently tightening legislation against human trafficking, with tougher punishment for repeat offenders. It will offer victims protection & recovery support o Ambitious programmes of legal & social reform are being undertaken across the board, from regulation of labour relations to systems of social insurance for the most vulnerable
  • The prevalence of slavery severely affects the country’s attractiveness as an investment destination o Companies should closely look at their own supply chains & eliminate instances of bonded or forced labour o Eliminating bonded or forced labour is part of corporate governance & is a sound business practice o Companies could suffer in the international market for including a business that even accidentally uses bonded labour

 

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